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Merino wool guide

Merino wool guide

Find your wool quality
Our company dates back to 1916 and our expertise lies within natural materials. Over the last century, we have worked tirelessly to refine, optimize, and meticulously perfect the quality of these materials - keeping all their amazing natural qualities completely intact.

Below, we have created an overview of our different wool qualities, so you can easily find the product that matches your needs. To help you differentiate between our wool qualities, we have named each either by the knitting technique applied (1x1, 8x1, multi rib, 4x2, single, and terry), fibre composition (merino wool/silk, merino wool/alpaca), or treatment (wool fleece).

1x1 smooth

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Our signature wool quality. 1x1 products have a smooth and even surface, but if you take a closer look at the fabric, you will see that it has a tiny rib structure.

All our 1x1 products have received a unique 16-hour environmentally friendly enzyme treatment, which leaves you with an incredibly soft and itch free product. This knitting technique gives the 1x1 medium stretchability and a comfortably light feel with plenty of freedom to move. Essentially, this means that your 1x1 products will stretch when worn, but the wool fibres will contract again after wash. The wool fibres are raw (untreated) which means that the naturally insulating and moisture absorbing properties of the wool are kept intact.


100% organic merino wool from Argentina
Nordic Swan Ecolabel*
Eco-friendly enzyme treatment
Smooth surface
Medium stretch
21.5 micron
Nm 40/1**


Because this is our oldest and most popular quality, you will always find a wide selection of 1x1 products for baby, kids, women, and men.


*Not including our striped products. These are yarn dyed in Germany. Like the rest of our products, these are produced without the use of heavy metals.

**Because of our unique enzyme treatment, our 21.5 micron has the hand feel of 19.5 micron

8x1 broad rib

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Made from our signature wool quality, the 8x1 is characterized by a broad, uniform rib surface.

All our 8x1 products have received a unique 16-hour environmentally friendly enzyme treatment, which leaves you with an incredibly soft and itch free product. This knitting technique offers medium stretchability, which essentially means that your 8x1 products will stretch when worn, but the wool fibres will contract again after wash. The wool fibres are raw (untreated) which means that the naturally insulating and moisture absorbing properties of the wool are kept intact.


100% organic merino wool from Argentina
Nordic Swan Ecolabel
Eco-friendly enzyme treatment
Broad, uniform rib structure
Medium stretch
21.5 micron
Nm 40/1*


Shop 8x1 rib products for baby, kids, women, and men.


*Because of our unique enzyme treatment, our 21.5 micron has the hand feel of 19.5 micron

Multi rib

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Made from our signature wool quality, the multi rib is characterized by an irregular, beautiful rib surface.

All our multi rib products have received a unique 16-hour environmentally friendly enzyme treatment, which leaves you with an incredibly soft and itch free product. The knitting technique offers medium stretchability, which essentially means that your multi rib products will stretch when worn, but the wool fibres will contract again after wash. The wool fibres are raw (untreated) which means that the naturally insulating and moisture absorbing properties of the wool are kept intact.


100% organic merino wool from Argentina
Nordic Swan Ecolabel
Eco-friendly enzyme treatment
Irregular rib surface
Medium stretch
21.5 micron
Nm 40/1*


Shop multi rib for baby, kids, and women.


*Because of our unique enzyme treatment, our 21.5 micron has the hand feel of 19.5 micron.

4x2 slim rib

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One of our newest, yet most popular additions. Our 4x2 products are characterized by a subtle, slim, and uniform rib surface. The yarn used for 4x2 products is particularly fine (18.5 micron), which gives you a delicate and comfortably lightweight product.

All our 4x2 products have received a Naturetexx® Plasma treatment – an environmentally friendly shock treatment using only electricity and air to process the wool fibres. Essentially, this leaves you with a durable and incredibly soft product. The knitting technique offers medium stretchability, which means that the product will stretch when worn, but the wool fibres will contract again after wash.


100% organic merino wool
Naturetexx® Plasma treatment
Slim, uniform rib surface
Medium stretch
18.5 micron
Nm 72/2


Shop 4x2 rib products for baby, kids, women, and men.


Single wool

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Also known as our exclusive wool or activewear because the knitting technique and design features make these products particularly suitable for sports and outdoor activity.

Our single wool products are characterized by a smooth, sleek surface. Compared to our 1x1 rib – which also has a smooth, even surface – our single wool products have a denser structure. Because of this knitting technique, our single wool products will not stretch out of shape during use but will remain the same after wear and wash. The yarn used for single wool products is particularly fine (18.5 micron), which gives you a comfortably lightweight product.

All our single wool products have received a Naturetexx® Plasma treatment – an environmentally friendly shock treatment using only electricity and air to process the wool fibres. Essentially, this leaves you with a durable and incredibly soft product.


100% organic merino wool
Naturetexx® Plasma treatment
Smooth surface
Particularly suitable for sports and outdoor
18.5 micron
Nm 72/2


Shop single wool for kids, women, and men.

Merino wool/silk

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70% organic merino wool and 30% mulberry silk. Silky-soft and breezy – our merino wool/silk products are incredibly lightweight and the fine, naturally temperature regulating properties of the merino wool fibres will keep you comfortable all year.

Our merino wool/silk products have received an EXP treatment – an alternative to Superwash - without the use of chlorine, which encapsulates the itchy hairs of the merino wool and leaves the wool super soft and itch free. In addition, these products have medium stretchability, which means that the product will stretch when worn, but the wool fibres will contract again after wash.


70% organic merino wool / 30% mulberry silk
Eco-friendly EXP treatment
Smooth surface
Medium stretch
17.5 micron
Nm 60/1


Shop merino wool/silk for baby, kids, women, and men.

Please note: The exclusive silk yarn is made from Chinese mulberry silk, which comes from the cocoon of the silkworm. To produce a long silk tread of the highest quality, the cocoons are boiled with the silkworms inside to ensure that the worm is not able to chew its way out and thereby bite the long thread into shorter pieces.

We are aware of the ongoing discussion about whether the silk is retrieved in an ethically correct manner. Academic research within this field argues that the silkworm dies instantly without pain. However, in the future, we hope to be able to produce merino wool/silk products where there is absolutely no doubt about the welfare of the silkworm.

Wool terry

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Characterized by a soft, fuzzy inside and a smooth surface. Due to the thickness of the fabric, this wool type is particularly suitable as the warming mid layer or accessories like hats and balaclavas.

All our wool terry products have received a Naturetexx® Plasma treatment – an environmentally friendly shock treatment using only electricity and air to process the wool fibres. Essentially, this leaves you with an incredibly soft and durable product.


100% organic merino wool
Naturetexx® Plasma treatment
Smooth surface
fuzzy inside
Optimal mid layer
18.5 micron, Nm 72/2
19.5 micron, Nm 60/1


Shop wool terry for baby, kids, women, and men.


Wool fleece

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Our 100% organic wool fleece is characterized by its brushed, fluffy surface. The thick, fuzzy fabric makes our wool fleece products particularly suitable as a warming mid layer or outer layer in the stroller, car seat, or for outdoor play.

All our wool fleece products have received a Naturetexx® Plasma treatment – an environmentally friendly shock treatment using only electricity and air to process the wool fibres. Essentially, this leaves you with a durable and incredibly soft product.


100% organic merino wool
Naturetexx® Plasma treatment
Brushed, fluffy surface
Optimal mid and outer layer
19.5 micron
Nm 56/2*


Shop all wool fleece products for baby and kids.


Merino wool/alpaca

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70% organic merino wool and 30% undyed alpaca wool. The perfect combination of warmth, comfort, and sophistication. The alpaca wool has many of the same natural qualities that you know and love from our organic merino wool. This luxurious fibre composition of soft, natural materials means you get a naturally thermoregulating and breathable product for all-season comfort.

Our alpaca wool is sourced from the Peruvian highlands in South America. Here, the alpacas roam a rugged terrain in changing and often extreme weather conditions. Thus, their wool fibres are hollow, making them highly durable and naturally insulating. Additionally, the alpaca wool fibres do not contain any lanolin, which means they are naturally hypoallergenic. The alpaca wool fibres are natural and undyed, which adds a beautiful melange structure to the smooth surface. Because these are undyed wool fibres, the natural colour may vary from one lot to another.


70% organic merino wool / 30% undyed alpaca wool
Alpaca from Peru, the South American Andes
Smooth surface, melange structure
Medium stretch
Ideal mid layer
24 Micron
Nm 28/2


Shop merino wool/alpaca for baby, kids, and women.


Our merino wool

For our products, we use merino wool, which is among the finest and softest wool qualities in the world. Our merino wool is 100% organic. It comes from non-mulesed sheep from farmers who adhere to the highest standards of animal welfare. Essentially, when you buy wool products from DILLING, you are always ensured high quality wool from happy sheep.

Read more about our animals and their welfare here.

For our products, we use merino wool of 17.5 micron (superfine) to 21.5 (medium) with Nm ranging from 40/1 to 72/2.

Read more about the characteristics of our wool here.


No harmful chemicals and heavy metals

All our products are produced with profound respect for the environment and without the use of harmful chemicals and heavy metals. By far, most of our organic wool products are spun in Germany and Poland, dyed at our Nordic Swan Ecolabel certified dyehouse in Denmark, and cut and sewn in our own factories in Lithuania*.

Finally, all the products made from our signature wool quality – the 1x1, 8x1, and multi rib - have received a unique 16-hour environmentally friendly enzyme treatment for an incredibly soft and itch free product.

Read more about our production here.

*For exact information regarding the supply chain of a specific product, we always refer to the product description page of the product in question.